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到底有多少人会愿意帮忙呢?
http://www.naskfy.com  2010-01-29 12:39:15  关注:

这是一个著名的心理学案例,在犯罪心理学和社会心理学的书里面经常提到。是1964年发生在纽约皇后区的一件谋杀案,一个人在35分钟内数次攻击一个妇女致死,其间有38个邻居在自己家的阳台或花园里目睹整个事件。被攻击的妇女曾大呼救,然而却在这人手中惨死,看到这里使我们一次又一次的反省人性。这个事件震惊了公众,社会心理学家开始一系列研究,最后发现这种现象是一种“责任分散”——作者发出:If everybody sees everybody else doing nothing, people conclude that doing nothing is the correct thing to do.所以当我们发现某人需要帮助时,我们做点什么吧!
It is March 13, 1964 in a quiet, relatively crime-free neighborhood of a metropolitan city.

At 3:20 a.m., a 28-year-old women drives back to her home in this neighborhood and parks her car in a lot near her apartment building.

The young woman starts walking towards her entrance. But, then, she sees a man standing at the edge of the parking lot.

So, instead of going straight home, she heads toward a main street, where a police "call box" is located.

She's too late. The man grabs her under a streetlight on the corner of the street.

She screams "Oh, my God, he stabbed me! Please help me! Please help me!"

Someone from an apartment building floor higher up yells out "Let that girl alone!"

Hearing this, the killer starts walking away toward a white car.

The neighbors turns out their lights.

But, the killer returns and starts stabbing her again.

This time she screams "I'm dying! I'm dying!."

Neighbors again open their windows and turn on their lights.

A city bus drives by.

The killer runs to his car and starts to drive off .

The woman is now struggling to make it to her apartment.

Now, it's around 3:45 a.m.

The killer returns again, searches for the woman, finds her, and seems to deliver the final, fatal stab wound.

You just heard about the actual murder of Kitty Genovese in Queens, New York in 1964.

A total of 38 neighbors watched from the safe haven of their homes as the killer stalked and stabbed her to death over a period of 35 minutes.

The first phone call to police station took place at 3:50 a.m., after Kitty was already dead.

The man who had called the station had even first called a friend further away in Nassau County to ask advice as to what he should do.

He didn't even call the police from his own home and went instead to another neighbor's apt. to call the station. He stated that he didn't want to get involved.
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